Supply and Demand: Restoration in Uganda for people and biodiversity

Conservation problem
In Uganda, only 40% of the forest cover that existed in 1990 is left intact today. This has left 30 of Uganda’s 849 native tree species as globally threatened with extinction.
Project Goal
The project aims to help Uganda to use a larger mix of indigenous species, including some that are threatened, in forest restoration efforts to meet their Bonn Challenge pledge to bring 2.5 million ha of land under restoration.

Which species and why?

The project aims to propagate 149 native species through collection and propagation done by communities in newly established nurseries in four areas of Uganda (Lwamunda, Ibanda, Mbale and Kagadi). These include threatened species, like Prunus africana, Warburgia ugandensis, Afrocarpus usambarensis and Turraeanthus africana. The propagated seedlings will then be available to sell to national forest restoration programmes or for use in agroforestry systems on local people’s land.

A Musanga cecropioides tree in Egg Botanical Garden, Kampala

One of the target tree species, Musanga cecropioides, in Egg Botanical Garden, Kampala. Credit: Alex Hudson/BGCI

What are we doing?

This project aims to improve the information on the propagation, management and uses of indigenous tree species. We are increasing the availability of these species by supporting four newly established community nurseries in the previously mentioned areas. This should benefit biodiversity conservation and the local nursery workers and seed collectors who will have training and a new income source from seedling sales beyond the project.

GTC is working with Tooro Botanical Gardens, who have years of experience raising indigenous species and restoring forests since their establishment in 2001. Tooro Botanical Gardens has passed this knowledge on to 60 community members to monitor target species in their local forests and to collect seeds for propagation. They also trained a further 40 community members to take the collected seeds and raise them in nurseries to be healthy and ready to plant.

Additionally, small restoration plots close to each nursery are being planted to act as demonstration sites to show how the species grow and what they can be used for. The species and restoration practices are also being promoted to local businesses, government organisations and communities to stimulate support for restoration and the use of indigenous species instead of exotics.

Cordia millenii tree in Egg Botanical Garden, Kampala

Leaves of the target species Cordia millenii, an important wood and shade tree, in Egg Botanical Garden, Kampala. Credit: Alex Hudson/BGCI

Key achievements

The four nurseries are now up and running and have raised over 120,000 seedlings of more than 50 species. This has provided employment for the 100 local community members who were trained to monitor, propagate and look after native species.

The restoration sites have been selected near to the nurseries in Central Forest Reserves that are within high priorty restoration areas highlighted by the IUCN. These will be planted with mixtures of ecological important local tree species, including some with known uses for communities. 

The threatened trees that have been propagated in nurseries so far are:

  • Prunus africana
  • Warburgia ugandensis
  • Afrocarpus usambarensis
  • Turraeanthus africana
Contact details

For more information on this project, please contact globaltrees@bgci.org

DarwinInitiative

This project is funded by the UK Department for International Development (DfID) Darwin Initiative.

 

 

 

Did you know?

All six of Madagascar’s endemic baobab trees are threatened with extinction.