34% of conifers are globally threatened with extinction according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. A Global Survey of Ex situ Conifer Collections provides an analysis of how well represented threatened conifers are in botanic garden and arboreta collections around the world and highlights priority taxa for conservation action. The analysis found that, while c.80% of threatened conifers are reported as held in ex situ collections, many threatened taxa are only represented in a small number of collections with limited value for recovery and restoration programmes. Although some excellent examples of conservation initiatives are in place for threatened conifers, greater action is needed to ensure the survival of threatened conifer species. The report provides recommendations aimed at increasing capacity for threatened conifer conservation and improving management of ex situ conifer collections.